Anabolism and Catabolism Definition
Anabolism is a state of the body where tissues within the human body obtain energy for growth and maintenance. Anabolism requires energy to occur, unlike catabolism, which actually provides the energy source for the anabolic state to take place. This process is driven forward by energy from tiny oxidized chemical strands produced by its opposite, catabolism or the breaking down of larger food molecules into smaller energy sources.
To better visualize this molecular process, imagine a single sphere entering the body. Upon entry this single sphere is broken down into smaller spheres through the process of digestion. After one has endured physical exercise or work, these smaller spheres are then absorbed by muscles and rebuilt into the original single sphere. The balance of these two processes enables the body to maintain healthy, normal physical function.
In order to achieve an anabolic state, the body must consume a source of energy. Foods and supplements are helpful nutrients which prepare the muscle tissue to receive the said energy. But there are instances when individuals do not consume enough food. This imbalance leads to a higher rate of catabolism in the body which ultimately harms healthy muscle and body tissue after extended periods of time. In extreme cases of self starvation, the body begins to deplete its essential and healthy fat deposits along with muscle tissue in order to survive.
If human beings were able to maintain a constant state of pure anabolism, every being would probably have humungous and ripped muscle mass on every region of their bodies. There are cases wherein professional sport athletes use anabolic inducing drugs or supplements that reinforce food energy and protein absorption into muscle tissue. These individuals have been caught, suspended or penalized.
Anabolism helps people achieve their fitness goals. It does not only help muscle tissue grow and maintain a healthy state but also increases bone density. To better meet the energy-needy areas within the human body, proper diet and exercise remain of high importance. People who are more physically active generally need more energy in order to counteract the catabolic state. Some forms of exercise actually break down muscle tissue and release hormones that further act to deplete energy storage. On the other hand, people who want to lose weight, gain muscle or maintain a desirable physique all similarly benefit from consuming nutrient dense foods before and after physical activity. This fuels the body with energy which aims to reach muscle tissue.
Filed under: Metabolism
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